Transparent text with Photoshop layer effects

Add Transparent Text to an Image with Photoshop Layer Effects

Learn how easy it is to add transparent text to your image using Photoshop's layer effects! A step-by-step tutorial for Photoshop CC 2020 and earlier.

Written by Steve Patterson.

In this tutorial, I show you an easy way to add transparent text to an image using layer effects in Photoshop. In a previous tutorial, I showed you how to create transparent text using Photoshop's Blending Options. But layer effects can give you more interesting and creative results because there are so many effects to choose from!

The trick to creating transparent text with layer effects is knowing how to make the text itself transparent while keeping your layer effects visible. So once we've added our text to the image, I'll show you how to hide the text without hiding your strokes, drop shadows, glows or any other effects you've applied! Let's see how it works.

I'm using Photoshop CC 2020 but you can follow along with any recent version.

Here's an example of what the transparent text effect will look like. Your result will depend on which layer effects you use:

How to create transparent text with Photoshop
The final transparent text effect.

Let's get started!

Step 1: Open your image

Start by opening your image into Photoshop. I'll use this image from Adobe Stock:

The image that will have transparent text added to it. Photo credit: Adobe Stock.
The original photo. Credit: Adobe Stock.

Related: Learn all the ways to open images in Photoshop

Step 2: Select the Type Tool

To add your text, select the Type Tool from the toolbar:

Selecting the Type Tool from Photoshop's toolbar
Selecting the Type Tool.

Step 3: Choose your font

Then in the Options Bar, choose your font. Any font will work, but larger, thicker fonts work best.

I'll keep things simple and go with Arial Black:

Choosing a font in Photoshop's Options Bar
Choosing a font.

Set the type size to 72 pt so we're starting with the largest preset size:

Setting the type size in Photoshop's Options Bar
Setting the type size.

And then choose a color for your type by clicking the color swatch:

Clicking the type color swatch in Photoshop's Options Bar
Clicking the color swatch.

Since we'll be making the text transparent, the color doesn't matter. But choose one that's easy to see as you're adding the text to the image. I'll choose white.

Click OK when you're done to close the Color Picker:

Setting the type color to white in Photoshop's Color Picker
Setting the type color to white in the Color Picker.

Step 4: Add your text

Next, click in the document and add your text. I'll type the word "SUMMER":

Adding the text to the document in Photoshop
Adding the text to the document.

To accept it, click the checkmark in the Options Bar:

Clicking the checkmark to accept the text in Photoshop
Clicking the checkmark.

Step 5: Resize and reposition the text with Free Transform

To resize the text and move it into place, we'll use Photoshop's Free Transform command.

Go up to the Edit menu in the Menu Bar and choose Free Transform:

Selecting the Free Transform command in Photoshop
Going to Edit > Free Transform.

Then to resize the text, click and drag any of the handles. As of Photoshop CC 2019, Free Transform automatically locks the aspect ratio of the text as you drag. But if you're using an earlier version of Photoshop, press and hold the Shift key as you drag to lock the aspect ratio in place.

Here I'm dragging the left and right side handles outward to make the text larger:

Dragging the Free Transform handles to resize the text in Photoshop
Resizing the text by dragging the Free Transform handles.

Then to reposition the text, click and drag inside the Free Transform box.

I'll drag down to center my text in front of the image:

Centering the text in front of the image in Photoshop
Dragging the text downward to center it.

To accept it and close Free Transform, click the checkmark in the Options Bar:

Clicking the checkmark to close Free Transform in Photoshop
Clicking the checkmark to close Free Transform.

And in the Layers panel, the text appears on a type layer above the image:

Photoshop's Layers panel showing the type layer above the image
Photoshop's Layers panel showing the new type layer.

Step 6: Lower the type layer's Fill to 0 percent

So now that we've added the text, how do we make the text transparent? There's two ways to do it. One is by lowering the layer's Opacity value, and the other is by lowering the Fill value. Both options are found in the upper right of the Layers panel:

The Opacity and Fill options in Photoshop's Layers panel
Both Opacity and Fill can be used to make a layer transparent.

Layer opacity vs fill

The difference between Opacity and Fill is that Opacity affects both the layer and any layer effects you've applied. So if we lower the Opacity to 0 percent, both the text and the effects will become transparent, which is not what we want.

But the Fill value affects only the layer itself. Or in this case, only the text. It does not affect things like drop shadows, strokes or other effects you've applied to the text.

So to make your text transparent, lower the Fill value down to 0 percent:

Lowering the Fill value of the type layer to 0 percent in Photoshop's Layers panel
Lowering the Fill to 0 percent.

With the Fill value lowered, the text disappears:

The text is hidden from the document after lowering the type layer's Fill value in Photoshop
The result after lowering the type layer's Fill value.

Step 7: Add a Drop Shadow to the text

Now that our text is transparent, we can use layer effects to reveal the shapes of the letters. For example, let's add a Drop Shadow.

In the Layers panel, click the fx icon at the bottom:

Opening the Layer Effects menu in Photoshop's Layers panel
Clicking the layer effects icon.

And choose Drop Shadow from the list:

Adding a Drop Shadow layer effect to the transparent text in Photoshop
Choosing "Drop Shadow".

The options for the drop shadow open in Photoshop's Layer Style dialog box.

Angle and Distance

Start by adjusting the Angle and Distance of the shadow:

The Angle and Distance options for the drop shadow in Photoshop's Layer Style dialog box
The Angle and Distance options for the drop shadow.

The easiest way to adjust the Angle and Distance values is to simply click and drag inside the document. And notice that even though the text is transparent, the shadow is still hidden behind it, revealing the letters:

The drop shadow reveals the transparent letters in the Photoshop document.
The drop shadow reveals the transparent letters.

You can also enter specific values in the dialog box. I'll set my Angle to 135 degrees and the Distance to 16 pixels. The values you need will depend on your image:

Setting the Angle and Distance options for the drop shadow in Photoshop's Layer Style dialog box
Setting the Angle and Distance.

Opacity

Use the Opacity slider to adjust the transparency of the drop shadow. I'll darken the shadow by increasing the opacity to 50 percent:

Increasing the Opacity value the drop shadow in Photoshop's Layer Style dialog box
Increasing the drop shadow's Opacity value.

Size

And you can soften the shadow edges by increasing the Size value. I'll increase mine to 16 pixels:

Softening the drop shadow edges by increasing the Size value in Photoshop's Layer Style dialog box
Softening the drop shadow edges by increasing the Size.

Here's my result so far:

The result with the drop shadow revealing the transparent text in Photoshop
The drop shadow reveals the transparent text.

Color

The default drop shadow color is black, but you can change it by clicking the color swatch:

Clicking the color swatch for the drop shadow in Photoshop
Clicking the drop shadow's color swatch.

And then choosing a new color, either from the Color Picker or by sampling a color from the image.

I'll click to sample a color from the sand:

Sampling a new drop shadow color from the image in Photoshop
Clicking on the image to sample a new color for the drop shadow.

And then in the Color Picker, I'll choose a darker, saturated version of that color.

Then I'll click OK to close the Color Picker:

Choosing a dark, saturated version of the sampled color for the drop shadow in Photoshop
Dark, saturated colors work best with drop shadows.

And here's the result. Just by adding a drop shadow, we can already see our transparent text:

The first layer effect is added to the transparent text in Photoshop
The first layer effect is added to the text.

Related: Create Spray Painted Text with Drop Shadows!

Step 8: Add a Stroke around the text

Let's add a couple more effects. Still in the Layer Style dialog box, choose Stroke from the column on the left. We can use a stroke to add a border around the letters:

Adding a Stroke layer effect to the transparent text in Photoshop
Adding a Stroke layer effect.

Color

Choose a color for the stroke by clicking the color swatch:

Clicking the Stroke color swatch in Photosohp's Layer Style dialog box
Clicking the stroke color swatch.

Then, just like with the drop shadow, choose a new stroke color either from the Color Picker or by sampling a color from the image.

I'll choose something close to white by sampling a color from the brightest part of the sand. Then I'll click OK to close the Color Picker:

Sampling a new stroke color from the image in Photoshop
Sampling a new stroke color from the image.

Position

The Position option moves your stroke to either inside the edges, outside the edges or centered on the edges of your text. I'll choose Outside:

Setting the position of the stroke in Photosohp's Layer Style dialog box
Setting the position of the stroke.

Size

Then set the width of your stroke by dragging the Size slider. I'll increase the size to 6 pixels:

Setting the size of the stroke in Photosohp's Layer Style dialog box
Setting the size of the stroke.

And here's my transparent text with both the drop shadow and the stroke applied:

Photoshop transparent text using a stroke and drop shadow effect in Photoshop
The stroke makes it even easier to see the transparent letters.

Step 9: Add a Gradient Overlay

The third and final effect we'll add is Gradient Overlay. By adding a gradient and then changing the gradient's blend mode, we can increase the contrast of the image inside the text.

Choose Gradient Overlay from the left column:

Adding a Gradient Overlay layer effect to the transparent text in Photoshop
Adding a Gradient Overlay effect.

Step 10: Choose the Black, White gradient

Then choose a gradient by clicking the arrow next to the gradient swatch:

Choosing a different gradient for the Gradient Overlay layer effect
Choosing a different gradient.

Select the Black, White gradient by double-clicking on its thumbnail.

In Photoshop CC 2020 and later, gradients are grouped into folders. You'll need to twirl open the Basics folder to find the gradient:

Choosing the Black, White gradient for the Gradient Overlay layer effect
Selecting the Black, White gradient.

The gradient will temporarily block the image from view:

The initial result with the Gradient Overlay effect applied to the text
The initial result with the Gradient Overlay effect.

Step 11: Change the gradient's blend mode to Overlay

Then to blend the gradient with the image, change the gradient's blend mode from Normal to Overlay:

Changing the gradient blend mode to Overlay
Changing the blend mode to Overlay.

And now the contrast of the image inside the text is stronger than the surrounding image:

The transparent text with the Gradient Overlay layer effect applied in Photoshop
The transparent text with the Gradient Overlay effect applied.

Turning off the other layer effects

To see the Gradient Overlay effect more clearly, turn off the Stroke and Drop Shadow effects by unchecking them:

Turning off the Stroke and Drop Shadow layer effects
Unchecking the Stroke and Drop Shadow.

And now we see how the contrast is bringing out the letters:

The transparent text using only the Gradient Overlay layer effect
The effect using only the Gradient Overlay effect.

Trying the Soft Light blend mode

If the contrast is too strong, as it is with my image, try the Soft Light blend mode instead:

Changing the blend mode of the Gradient Overlay layer effect to Soft Light
Changing the gradient's blend mode to Soft Light.

Soft Light creates a similar but less intense result:

The transparent text with the Gradient Overlay's blend mode set to Soft Light
The result after changing the gradient's blend mode to Soft Light.

Related: The Top 5 blend modes you need to know!

Turning the other effects back on

To turn the Stroke and Drop Shadow back on, click again inside their checkboxes:

Turning on the Stroke and Drop Shadow layer effects
Turning on the Stroke and Drop Shadow.

Step 12: Close the Layer Style dialog box

At this point, you can try adding other layer effects, or you can accept what you have by clicking OK to close the Layer Style dialog box:

Clicking OK to close the Layer Style dialog box in Photoshop
Clicking the OK button.

In the Layers panel, the effects we've added to the text appear below the type layer.

You can click the visibility icon beside an effect's name to toggle the effect on and off. Or you can double-click directly on the name to re-open the Layer Style dialog box and edit the effect if needed:

Photoshop's Layers panel showing the layer effects applied to the text
The layer effects applied to the text.

Step 13: Select the text

So we've learned how to create transparent text by lowering the Fill value of the type layer and then adding layer effects. But we can enhance the effect even further by lightening, darkening, or adding a color to the surrounding image. To do that, we first need to select the area around the text.

In the Layers panel, press and hold the Ctrl (Win) / Command (Mac) key on your keyboard and click on the type layer's thumbnail:

Loading a selection around the text in Photoshop
Clicking the type layer's thumbnail.

This loads a selection around the letters:

The text is selected in the Photoshop document
The text itself is selected.

Step 14: Invert the selection

Then to select everything except the text, invert the selection by going up to the Select menu and choosing Inverse:

Choosing the Inverse command from the Select menu in Photoshop
Going to Select > Inverse.

Step 15: Select the image layer

Back in the Layers panel, click on your image layer to select it:

Selecting the image layer in Photoshop's Layers panel
Selecting the image layer.

Then click the New Fill or Adjustment Layer icon:

Clicking the New Fill or Adjustment Layer icon in Photoshop's Layers panel
Clicking the New Fill or Adjustment Layer icon.

And choose a Solid Color fill layer:

Adding a Solid Color fill layer between the text and the image
Adding a Solid Color fill layer.

In the Color Picker, choose a color for the fill layer. I'll choose black for now, but I'll show you how to change the color in a moment.

Click OK when you're done:

Choosing a color for the fill layer from the Color Picker
Choosing a color for the fill layer from the Color Picker.

And the color now fills the areas surrounding the text:

The transparent text after adding a black Solid Color fill layer in Photoshop
The result after adding a black Solid Color fill layer.

See also: How to place an image in text with Photoshop!

In the Layers panel, the fill layer appears between the image and the type layer.

And the reason that the fill layer is not affecting the image inside the letters is because Photoshop used the selection we made to create a layer mask, as we see in the layer mask thumbnail. The white areas on the mask are where the fill layer is visible, and the black areas are where it is hidden:

The Solid Color fill layer and its layer mask in Photoshop's Layers panel
The layer mask controls the visibility of the fill layer.

Step 16: Lower the opacity of the fill layer

To blend the color with the image, lower the Opacity of the fill layer.

I'll lower mine to 60 percent:

Lowering the opacity of the fill layer in Photoshop's Layer Style dialog box
Lowering the opacity of the fill layer.

With the opacity lowered, the image shows through the fill layer. And since my fill color is black, it creates a darkening effect:

The result after darkening the area around the transparent text in Photoshop
The result after darkening the area around the transparent text.

How to change the color of the fill layer

To try a different color, double-click on the fill layer's color swatch:

Double-clicking the fill layer's color swatch in Photoshop's Layer Style dialog box
Double-clicking the color swatch.

And then choose a new color, again from the Color Picker or from the image.

Since I've been sampling colors directly from the image, I'll choose orange by clicking on the back of the chair. Then I'll click OK to close the Color Picker:

Sampling a new fill color from the image
Sampling a new fill color from the image.

Changing the fill layer's blend mode

And since I chose an actual color this time, I'll change the blend mode of the fill layer from Normal to Color:

Changing the fill layer's blend mode to Color
Changing the fill layer's blend mode to Color.

The Color blend mode restores the original brightness of the image and blends only the color:

The transparent text with the fill layer set to orange and the blend mode set to Color in Photoshop
The result with the new fill color and blend mode.

Related: How to unify colors in an image!

Lowering the fill layer's opacity

Finally, I'll reduce the intensity of the color by lowering the Opacity of the fill layer to around 25 percent:

Lowering the opacity of the Solid Color fill layer in Photoshop's Layers panel
Lowering the fill layer's opacity.

You can toggle the fill layer on and off to compare the effect with the original image by clicking its visibility icon:

Clicking the fill layer's visibility icon in the Layers panel
Clicking the fill layer's visibility icon.

And here, with the color now more subtle, is my final result:

How to create transparent text with Photoshop
The final transparent text effect.

And there we have it! That's how to create transparent text with layer effects in Photoshop!

Check out our Photo Effects section for more tutorials.

And don't forget, all of our tutorials are now available to download as PDFs!