Written by Steve Patterson. In this Photoshop tutorial, we'll learn how to take any photo and easily turn it into a watercolor painting in just a few short steps. This version of the tutorial has been re-written and updated to be fully compatible with Photoshop CS6 which means you'll need CS6 to follow along. If you're using Photoshop CS5 or earlier, be sure to check out the original version of our watercolor painting tutorial.
To create the painting effect, we'll be using a handful of layers, filters and blending modes, and new in this version of the tutorial, we'll be using Smart Objects and Smart Filters to keep the entire effect fully editable, allowing us to go back when we're done and try different filter settings to compare the results!
This effect works best on images where rich colors and strong contrast are more important than fine details. Here's the photo I'll be starting with (still life photo from Shutterstock):
And here's what the final watercolor painting effect will look like:
Let's get started!
Step 1: Duplicate The Background Layer
We need to duplicate the layer, and we can do that by going up to the Layer menu in the Menu Bar along the top of the screen, choosing New, and then choosing Layer Via Copy. Or, we can simply press Ctrl+J (Win) / Command+J (Mac) on the keyboard to access the same command with the shortcut:
And now if we look again in the Layers panel, we see a copy of the layer, which Photoshop has automatically named Layer 1, sitting above the original Background layer:
Step 2: Convert The Layer Into A Smart Object
Let's convert our new layer into a Smart Object so that when we apply a filter to it, as we'll do in a moment, the filter will be applied as a Smart Filter which means it will remain fully editable. With Layer 1 selected in the Layers panel (it should be highlighted in blue), go back up to the Layer menu at the top of the screen, choose Smart Objects, then choose Convert to Smart Object:
You won't see anything happen with the image in the document window, but a small Smart Object icon appears in the lower right corner of the preview thumbnail for Layer 1, telling us it's now a Smart Object:
Step 3: Make Two Copies Of The Smart Object
We need to make a couple of copies of our Smart Object, so let's just use the quick and handy keyboard shortcut we heard about back in Step 1. Press Ctrl+J (Win) / Command+J (Mac) to make the first copy, then press the same keys (Ctrl+J (Win) / Command+J (Mac)) a second time to make the second copy. Both copies of the Smart Object will appear above the original in the Layers panel:
Step 4: Rename The Layers
The default names that Photoshop has been giving our layers, like "Layer 1 copy" and "Layer 1 copy 2", may be good enough for Photoshop but they're certainly not very useful to us humans, so let's quickly rename the layers to something more descriptive. To rename a layer, double-click directly on its name, type in the new name, then press Enter (Win) / Return (Mac) to accept it. We'll name the layers based on the filter we'll be applying to each one. Change the name of "Layer 1" to Cutout, then rename "Layer 1 copy" above it Dry Brush, and finally, change "Layer 1 copy 2" at the top to Median:
Step 5: Hide The Top Two Layers From View
Hide the two layers at the top (Median and Dry Brush) from view in the document window by clicking on their layer visibility icons (the "eyeball" icon on the far left of each layer in the Layers panel). When the visibility icon is blank (meaning there's no eyeball inside the little square), the layer is temporarily hidden:
Step 6: Select The Cutout Layer
Click on the Cutout layer in the Layers panel to select it:
Step 7: Apply The Cutout Filter
We're ready to apply the first of three filters we'll be using to create the watercolor painting effect. As you may have guessed, the first filter is named Cutout, and we're going to use it to simplify our image, removing much of the finer detail. In Photoshop CS6, this filter is found in the Filter Gallery, so go up to the Filter menu at the top of the screen and choose Filter Gallery:
This opens Photoshop's large Filter Gallery which is divided into three main columns - a large preview column on the left, the filter selection column in the middle, and the actual controls and options for the selected filter on the right. The filters in the middle column are organized into different categories. Select the Artistic category at the very top, then select the Cutout filter by clicking on its thumbnail:
Once you've selected the Cutout filter, the options for it will appear over on the right. Set both the Number of Levels and Edge Simplicity options to 4, then set the Edge Fidelity option to 2:
Click OK when you're done to exit out of the Filter Gallery and apply the filter to the Cutout layer.
Step 8: Change The Cutout Layer's Blend Mode To Luminosity
Next, we need to change the layer's blend mode. You'll find the Blend Mode option in the top left corner of the Layers panel (it's the box that's set to Normal by default). Click on the word "Normal" to open a list of other blend modes and choose Luminosity from the bottom of the list:
Here's what the effect looks like so far after applying the Cutout filter and changing the blend mode to Luminosity:
Step 9: Select And Turn On The Dry Brush Layer
We're finished with our Cutout layer, so let's move on to the next one directly above it. Click on the Dry Brush layer in the Layers panel to select it, then click on its layer visibility icon to make the layer visible again in the document window:
Step 10: Apply The Dry Brush Filter
We're going to apply Photoshop's Dry Brush filter to this layer which will add some texture to the image. In Photoshop CS6, the Dry Brush filter is also found in the Filter Gallery, so go back up to the Filter menu at the top of the screen and once again choose Filter Gallery. This time though, since the Filter Gallery was the last item we selected from the Filter menu, you'll find it conveniently located right at the top of the list:
This re-opens the Filter Gallery set to the previously chosen filter, which in our case was Cutout. The Dry Brush filter is also located in the Artistic category in the middle column, and in fact is found directly to the right of the Cutout filter. Click on its thumbnail to select it. The options for the Dry Brush filter will then appear on the right. Set both the Brush Size and Brush Detail options to 10, then set the Texture option to 3. Click OK when you're done to apply the filter and close out of the Filter Gallery:
Step 11: Change The Blend Mode Of The Dry Brush Layer To Screen
With the Dry Brush layer still selected, go up to the Blend Mode option in the top left corner of the Layers panel and change its blend mode from Normal to Screen:
Here's my image with the second part of the effect now complete:
Step 12: Select And Turn On The Median Layer
Two filters down, one more to go. Click on the Median layer in the Layers panel to select it, then click on its visibility icon to make the layer visible again in the document window:
Step 13: Apply The Median Filter
The third filter we'll use is Median which will remove even more image detail while keeping the edges of objects well defined. This one's not part of the Filter Gallery. Instead, we access it by going up to the Filter menu, choosing Noise, and then choosing Median:
This opens the Median filter dialog box. Set the Radius value down at the bottom of the dialog box to 12 pixels, then click OK to apply the filter to the layer:
Step 14: Change The Blend Mode Of The Median Layer To Soft Light
Finally, with the Median layer still selected, change its blend mode from Normal to Soft Light:
And with that, we're done! Here's the original image once again for comparison:
And here, after applying the Median filter and changing the layer's blend mode to Soft Light, is the final watercolor painting effect:
The Benefit Of Smart Filters
I mentioned at the beginning of the tutorial that we'd be using Smart Filters to keep the effect fully editable, and that's exactly what we've done. Even though we've completed the effect, we can still go back now and change any of the filter settings to view and compare the results. By first converting our layers into Smart Objects, the filters we applied to them became Smart Filters, and if we look in the Layers panel, we can see each filter listed directly below the layer it was applied to.
To change the settings for a Smart Filter, simply double-click on its name to re-open its dialog box. For example, if you want to see what effect a higher Radius value might have with the Median filter, double-click on the Median filter's name to re-open the dialog box, change the Radius value, then click OK to close out of the dialog box and view the results. To change any of the Dry Brush settings, double-click on the Filter Gallery below the Dry Brush layer to re-open the Filter Gallery directly to the Dry Brush options. The same goes for the Cutout filter. Just double-click on the Filter Gallery below the Cutout layer and Photoshop will re-open the Filter Gallery directly to the Cutout options. Make any changes you need, click OK to close out of the gallery, then view the results in the document window:
And there we have it! That's how to turn any photo into a watercolor painting with Photoshop CS6! Check out our Photo Effects section for more Photoshop effects tutorials!