How To Set Adobe Bridge File Type Associations

How To Change File Type Associations In Adobe Bridge

Learn how to use the File Type Associations options in the Adobe Bridge Preferences to fix the problem when Bridge is opening images either in the wrong program or in the wrong version of Photoshop.

Written by Steve Patterson.

In the previous tutorial, we learned how to open images into Photoshop from Bridge. To quickly recap, we learned that Adobe Bridge is a file browser that's included with every copy of Photoshop and with every Creative Cloud subscription. We learned how to install Bridge using the Creative Cloud app. And we learned how to use Bridge to browse to our files, select the image we need, and open it into Photoshop.

Most of the time, Adobe Bridge will open your images into Photoshop as you'd expect and without any problems. But depending on the type of file you're trying to open (JPEG, PNG, TIFF, etc), you may run into a situation where Bridge opens the image not into Photoshop but into some other program that's installed on your computer. Or, if you have multiple versions of Photoshop installed (as I do), Bridge may open the image in an earlier version of Photoshop instead of in the newest version.

As we'll see, fixing the problem is easy. All we need to do is tell Bridge to open the file, along with all future files of the same type, into the latest version of Photoshop. We do that using the File Type Associations option in the Bridge Preferences. Let's see how it works.

This tutorial picks up where the previous one left off, so if you're not yet familiar with Adobe Bridge or you're not sure how to install it, you'll want to check out the previous How To Open Images From Bridge tutorial. This is Part 6 in our Opening Images into Photoshop series.

Opening Images Into Photoshop From Bridge

Here we see that I already have Adobe Bridge open on my screen and I've browsed to the folder that holds my images. Thumbnails of the images appear in the Content panel in the center:

Adobe Bridge CC.
The Adobe Bridge CC interface.

If we look at the file extension at the end of the name of each image, we see that I have a few different types of files. There's a couple of JPEG images (with a .jpg extension), a TIFF file (.tif), a PNG file (.png), and a PSD file (.psd) which is Photoshop's native file format. All of these file types are supported by Photoshop and can be opened into Photoshop from Bridge:

Viewing the file type extensions in the Content panel in Bridge.
The file type extensions appear at the end of the file names.

When Things Go Right

For example, I'll open the first image in the top left, "birdhouse.jpg", which is a JPEG file. To open it, I'll double-click on its thumbnail:

Opening a JPEG image from Adobe Bridge into Photoshop.
Double-clicking on a JPEG file to open it into Photoshop.

Bridge sends the image over to Photoshop, ready for editing:

The JPEG file opens in Photoshop. Image copyright 2017 Steve Patterson.
The JPEG file opens in Photoshop. © Steve Patterson.

Not only did it open in Photoshop, but it also opened in the latest version of Photoshop (which at the time I'm writing this is Photoshop CC 2017). I know I'm looking at the latest version because I can see the name in the top center of Photoshop's interface:

The name and version number of Photoshop.
Photoshop's name and version number appear at the top of the screen.

To close the image and return to Bridge, I'll go up to the File menu in the Menu Bar at the top of the screen and choose Close and Go to Bridge:

Choosing the Close and Go to Bridge command in Photoshop.
Going to File > Close and Go to Bridge.

This closes the image and returns me to the Bridge interface:

Back to Adobe Bridge.
Back to Bridge.

When Things Go Wrong

So far, we've seen that Adobe Bridge is sending my JPEG files over to the newest version of Photoshop without any issues. I also happen to know that my TIFF file and my PSD file will open as expected, so I won't bother opening them.

However, let's see what happens when I try opening my PNG file from Bridge into Photoshop. Now before we go any further, I should point out that PNG files are not necessarily going to give you any problems. I'm only using my PNG file as an example of what could go wrong with any file type so we can then learn how to fix it. So, just to be clear, I'm not purposely picking on PNG.

To open my "butterfly.png" file, I'll double-click on its thumbnail, just like I did with the JPEG image:

Double-clicking the PNG file thumbnail in Bridge.
Opening the PNG file from Bridge into Photoshop.

But rather than opening in the newest version of Photoshop as my JPEG file did, something unexpected happens. The PNG file does open in Photoshop, but in the wrong version.

I like to keep older versions of Photoshop installed on my computer along with the latest version, but this actually caused a problem. Bridge knew enough to open the PNG file into Photoshop, but rather than choosing Photoshop CC 2017 (the latest version), it chose the older Photoshop CS6 (butterfly vector art from Adobe Stock):

Image 24015533 licensed and used by permission from Adobe Stock.
The PNG file opens in an older version of Photoshop. Image credit: Adobe Stock.

Again, I know I'm looking at Photoshop CS6, not CC 2017, from the version name in the top center of Photoshop's interface:

Image 24015533 licensed and used by permission from Adobe Stock.
The name at the top of Photoshop confirms it's the wrong version.

To close not only the image but out of Photoshop CS6 completely, on a Windows PC, I would go up to the File menu in the Menu Bar and I'd choose Exit. Since I'm currently on a Mac, I'll go up to the Photoshop menu and choose Quit Photoshop:

Quitting Photoshop CS6.
Closing Photoshop CS6.

Changing The File Type Associations In Bridge

So, what went wrong? Why was Bridge able to open my JPEG file in the latest version of Photoshop, yet it opened my PNG file in an older version? For the answer to that, we need to look at Bridge's File Type Associations which we'll find in the Bridge Preferences.

Step 1: Open The Bridge Preferences

To open the Preferences, on a Windows PC, go up to the Edit menu (in Bridge) and choose Preferences. On a Mac, go up to the Adobe Bridge menu and choose Preferences:

Opening the Adobe Bridge Preferences.
Go to Edit > Preferences (Win) / Adobe Bridge > Preferences (Mac).

Step 2: Choose "File Type Associations"

In the Preferences dialog box, choose File Type Associations from the list of categories along the left:

Choosing File Type Associations in the Adobe Bridge Preferences.
Choosing the File Type Associations category.

Step 3: Scroll To The File Type You Need To Change

This brings up a very long list of all the file types that Bridge can open. To the right of each file type, you'll find the name of the program that Bridge is currently using to open that particular type of file.

For example, if scroll down to JPEG in the list, we see that Bridge is currently set to open all JPEG files in Adobe Photoshop CC 2017. That's why Bridge opened my JPEG file in the correct version:

The JPEG settings in the File Type Associations in Adobe Bridge.
Bridge is set to open all JPEG files in the newest version of Photoshop.

However, if I scroll down to PNG (Portable Network Graphics), we see that there's a problem. Bridge is set to open PNG files in the wrong program. Instead of CC 2017, Bridge is sending PNG files to the older Photoshop CS6:

Bridge is set to open PNG files in Photoshop CS6.
Bridge is currently associating PNG files with the older version of Photoshop.

Step 4: Choose The New Program To Associate With The File Type

To fix the problem, all I need to do is click on "Adobe Photoshop CS6" and then choose the correct version, Adobe Photoshop CC 2017, from the list.

In my case, it actually says "Finder Settings: Adobe Photoshop CC 2017" because I'm on a Mac and I've set Mac OS X to use Photoshop CC 2017 as my default image editor:

Setting Photoshop CC 2017 as the new app for opening PNG files.
Setting Adobe Photoshop CC 2017 as the new app for opening PNG files from Bridge.

And here we see that after making the change, any PNG file I open from Adobe Bridge will now open in the correct version of Photoshop. I'll click OK at the bottom of the Preferences dialog box to close out of it and accept the change:

PNG files are now set to open correctly.
PNG files are now set to open correctly.

Testing It Out

Now that I've told Bridge to open all PNG files in Photoshop CC 2017, let's test things out. I'll double-click on the "butterfly.png" image to open it, just as I did before:

Opening the PNG file again from Adobe Bridge.
Opening the PNG file after changing the Bridge Preferences.

And sure enough, this time the PNG file opens in Photoshop CC 2017:

The PNG now opens in Photoshop CC 2017.
The PNG file now opens in the correct version of Photoshop.

Again, we know that because we can see "Adobe Photoshop CC 2017" at the top of the screen:

Viewing the version number of Photoshop.
Everything now works as expected.

Where to go next...

And there we have it! So far in this Opening Images into Photoshop series, we've focused on how to open images into Photoshop. But times have changed. These days, it's better to do your initial editing work not in Photoshop but in Photoshop's powerful image editing plugin, Camera Raw. In the next tutorial, we'll learn how to open raw files, JPEG and TIFF images directly into Camera Raw using Adobe Bridge! This series is part of our Photoshop Basics training.